Activity 3 – Part I, Chapter IDescribe the living conditions as they are presented in the first chapter. What does this tell you about society?The lives of the people living in Oceania are controlled by Big Brother. They always have to be careful to not do anything that’s against the will of BB. The people are constantly surveilled by the telescreens, which simultaneously operate as televisions. They have to show enthusiasm for their leader and if they get caught thinking or saying something bad about him or making a face while he’s talking it’s called thought/facecrime and it’s punished by death. The daily routine is characterized by activities that work as thought control and strengthen the enthusiasm for BB, like the “Two Minutes Hate”. The society isn’t allowed to use its own brain and its free will and when it comes to the daily “Two minutes Hate” it falls into a state of trance. It is blind and hasn’t got enough courage or good sense to overthrow its leader.Explain why you think that Winston’s diary is important.I think Winston’s diary is important because it shows that his will of writing that book and resisting the Party is bigger than his fear of being discovered. With this diary he makes the first step towards developing his own thoughts, independent from the ones of the Party and he shows that the Party isn’t strong enough to oppress everyone. He wakes up from the state of trance the regime has put him into. By writing this diary Winston, who is full of rage, finally finds a way to express his feelings and that gives him such a satisfaction that he hazards the consequences. He needs this writing as an affirmation that his mind is still alive, in contrast to almost anyone else. This diary represents the beginning of his further development and I think that with this diary there also grows a Rebellion against BB. He builds the base of a resistance against the Party. Describe the “Two Minutes Hate”. In which ways do people react to the “Hate” (give an example)? Does Winston appear to react differently to other people (example)?The “Two Minutes Hate” is a daily ritual during which the Party members come together in front of a telescreen to watch a propaganda film about the enemies of the party (Goldstein…). On the one hand, the purpose of this brainwashing film is to make the people express their hatred for those enemies, but on the other hand it makes them lose their individuality.Effectively they all show the same emotions as the film starts: They fall into a state of trance, they begin to scream in hate, rage, behave like a grimacing lunatic and stamp. The worst thing about this ritual is that for the greatest part of those people it is impossible to not join in, an ecstasy of fear and a desire to kill flows through them “like an electric current”.Also Winston can’t help joining the general delirium because it is an instinctive reaction, he shouts with the others because if somebody noticed that he wasn’t, he probably would have disappeared somewhat later and not been remembered. But there is a little space of time where his behaviour differentiates from the one of the others: Winston glances at O’Brien and sees that his anger isn’t towards Goldstein but towards BB and he then questions himself if he is doing the right thing. He notices that also his hatred isn’t towards these “enemies of the Party” but towards BB, the Party and the Thought Police. Anyway, at the very next moment he goes back to being one with the other people and all that is said about Goldstein seems to him to be true.Activity 4 – Part I, Chapter II-IIIPart I, Chapter II: This chapter introduces Mrs Parsons and her children. What impressions do you get about the way that children are being brought up? While Winston is occupied with Mrs. Parsons’ plumbing, her children, whose father apparently never questions the BB regime, torment him and accuse him of thoughtcrime, which makes him feel very uncomfortable because of his secret diary. These children are part of the Youth League and the Junior Spies, organizations which are meant to raise fanatic supporters of the Party, who are able to monitor adults for disloyalty to the Party and frequently succeed in catching them. This means that their lives were infused by the thoughts of the Party since they were little and they had no possibility to develop independent thoughts and own opinions. As a result, despite their young age, the Parsons-children are extremely zealous to the regime, which is noticed at the latest when they protest after their mother doesn’t want to take them to the public hanging of the Party’s enemies. Big Brother makes them freak out in such a way that even their own mother seems to be afraid of them. But that’s the purpose: By raising the kids this way, BB prevents them from developing own rebelling thoughts that could harm him. He creates offspring that will always comply with its will and never pose a risk. Part I, Chapter III:What do you think is meant by “doublethink”? What effect do you think that attempting to use doublethink has on people?”Doublethink” is the ability to hold two contradictory opinions at the same time about the same question, people had learned to simultaneously believe two different “truths”, which normally exclude each other, remaining untroubled by the contradiction. Depending on the convenience of the Party they then express one opinion or the other. I think that the 3 slogans of the Party (“War Is Peace; Freedom Is Slavery; Ignorance Is Strength”) are the most obvious examples of “doublethink”.In my opinion, the regime uses “doublethink” to manipulate the people and to prevent them from building up their own opinions. “Doublethink” limits the ability to think because if you believe two contradictory statements at the same time, you probably believe everything somebody tells you, even if it’s absolutely surrealistic and unbelievable. Therefore, the use of “doublethink” acts as an convenient way for the Party to practice thought-control.