College Papers

Assata if he could not stop acting inappropriate

Assata Shakur, was born in New York City in 1947 and was originally named Joanne. She spent years living in New York City or in segregated North Carolina. We live in a country that practices institutionalized racism. After Assata’s step father and mother separated, she and her mother moved to a housing complex in Jamaica Queens. A neighborhood that was predominantly black. Growing up Shakur’s grandparents instilled the idea of personal dignity into her head. She was raised to be respectful to those who were respectful towards her and to always love herself. This lesson helped her through difficulties she encountered as a black woman in a racist American culture. She, along with many other minorities, was conditioned into believing she was worth less due to the color of her skin and other black features. This led to an initial hatred and distrust of all white people. After a fight Assata had with her mother she left and started a new chapter in Greenwich Village, New York, New York. She went door to door inquiring about available jobs, and eventually she acquired one. At this job she was harassed by her coworkers and perpetually sexually harassed by her manager. When she would ask him to stop he would smile and act like he was innocent. The last straw occured when he pulled her elastic on her underwear through her uniform to the point where it snapped. She declared that if he could not stop acting inappropriate towards her she was going to quit and her arrogant boss immediately fired her as a result of her resistance to his mistreatment. She requested that she be paid upon termination but her boss refused then to her to come back at the end of the week which eventually led to him offering her job back if she agreed to go into the back with him at the worksite. On July 19th, 1973, Assata was brought to the US district court in brooklyn. She was taken there to be arraigned on an indictment regarding a bank robbery that took place in queens that she had been accused of orchestrating.  Assata was brought into the courts by the FBI agents who had her wear the same wig glasses and dress along with having to pose in the same angle as the suspect captured in the video footage. This photograph was then compared to the footage which was enough to convince the jury that she was the person on the video. When attending college Assata became involved with various student organizations aimed at improving the college experience for black students. The assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King encouraged her to take a more aggressive stance in the fight for equal rights and embrace the militant Black Power movement. Shakur moved to Oakland, California, where she joined the local branch of the Black Panther Party. Soon thereafter, she returned to New York and became a vital member of BPP’s Harlem chapter. On May 2nd, 1973, While traveling to her new hideout, Assata was pulled over on the New Jersey Turnpike by a state trooper named James Harper. She was apparently pulled over for driving with a faulty light, the situation dangerously escalated and she was shot by this trooper. She was then thrown on the floor being kicked, pulled, and dragged by her hair. She was placed into an ambulance but the troopers refused to let the ambulance leave interrogating the medical responder about whether or not Shakur was  “dead yet” When it was concluded that she was not going to die anytime soon police let the ambulance leave. In the hospital Assata was subjected to harassment by the police. These officers jumped on her, beat her, and choked her. Assata’s condition became so critical that authorities brought in a priest to give her the last rites. Although she was nearly on her deathbed the police did not stop tormenting her. The next day she was taken to the intensive care unit; the police had no choice but to subdue their aggressiveness. Eventually the police handcuffed Assata to her hospital bed. Shakur was convicted on one murder charge and six assault charges and sentenced to life in prison. She was confined to a men’s prison, placed in solitary confinement for a year, given inadequate medical attention, and faced physical abuse. Assata Shakur’s imprisonment and what many of her supporters believed was a false arrest brought international attention to her plight as a political prisoner.  She escaped in 1979 with the assistance of BLA members posing as visitors, and has been a fugitive ever since. The FBI has since placed the 66-year-old on its list of the top 10 most-wanted terrorists. The black panther party was a group of people who referred to themselves as panthers. Founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in California, 1966. The party’s original purpose was to patrol African American neighbourhoods to protect residents from acts of police brutality. Members of this party practiced militant self defense of minority communities against the U.S government. BPP fought to establish  revolutionary socialism through mass organization and community projects. While the Black Panthers were often portrayed as a gang, their leadership saw the them as a political party whose goal was getting more African Americans elected to political office; Playing a major role in black power movement. The Civil Rights Movement became hugely successful with the support of black women. The efforts of black women are often overshadowed by men, who get majority of the recognition for successes. Many women experienced gender discrimination and sexual harassment within the movement. Women stimulated the campaign and were the brains behind the party. The portrayal of women as revolutionary women in resistance, challenged traditional female roles of caregiver and homemaker, expanding the ways in which women could contribute to the organization. Women Panthers turned toward local-level activism, providing food, housing, and health care in local black communities for example the free breakfast program that assata contributed significantly. Understanding how women of color have historically incorporated gender into movements around racial and economic disparity is the first step in rethinking how to approach the place of gender in socially complex settings today. The Civil Rights Movement was hugely successful with the support of black women. Because of the tradition that black women were to be the head of family and had control over the leadership of religion, black women joined the movement without any hesitation for the sake of all black Americans. by the end of the 1960’s the Black Panther party was two thirds female. The BBP media strategy was continuously to solely focus its imagery on its revolutionary men. By the start of the next decade Huey Newton began incorporating demands for gender and sexual equality as part of the party’s platform but his personal view differed from that he advertised, in fact his personal actions towards women might have violently contradicted his progressive philosophy.The 60’s and 70’s represent a revolutionary period of time in which the black power movement took place; a strong social movement focused on the remedying the severe equality gap wanting that same rights that the white americans receive and that the black americans were robbed and continue to be deprived of. The relationship between law and order was and continues to be incredibly unjust. The black panther party symbolized a budding revolutionary war within the nation. Assatas criticisms of the black power movement and the BPP was the lack of focus on black history and the patriarchy within. She became critical of the Political Education programs the party offered. Assata Shakur, as well as many other members of the Harlem chapter, believed that politically motivated armed actions were a viable tactic in the struggle for black liberation. Assata was a prime target of the Counterintelligence Program. Because of this surveillance and harassment, Assata was driven into hiding and became a member of the Black Liberation Army, a network that was largely composed of former BPP members who had gone underground to escape criminal charges or police and FBI repression.By the early 1970s, the FBI counterintelligence efforts, criminal activities and an internal rift between group members weakened the party. Political organization and activism is very important, “No movement can survive unless it is constantly growing and changing with the times. If it isn’t growing, if it’s stagnant, and without the support of the people, no movement for liberation can exist, no matter how correct its analysis of the situation is.” revolutionary war on race and inequality, is ostracizing the revolutionaries from the majority of people, creating a faulty view on who these activist were, making them out to be beastly advertising that they were a unpredictable threat to the public. This caused a large amount of the public to hate them.”The black liberation army is not an organization it goes beyond that a concept,an ideology a people’s movement.” Assata states in chapter 5 of her autobiography. Assata’s court trial had very few to no black jurors. The panel was selected from the voting polls since candidates running for office seldom represented the interest of black and poor people. America is an institutionalized country that is built upon systematical structure that targets minority groups further marginalizing them in society. While Assata Shakur was held in the morristown jail, there were a limited number of other women also being held in this prison which she was kept isolated from. During instances of Assata being taken from her cell or brought back to would be the only times she would come into any kind of contact with other women which was mostly visual. All but one female prisoner besides Assata herself was black.An exceptional growth in the size of our prison population due to the “war on drugs”. Millions of blacks arrested for minor crimes remain marginalized and disfranchised, trapped by a criminal justice system that has forever branded them as felons and denied them basic rights and opportunities that would allow them to become productive, law-abiding citizens. People are swept into the criminal justice system; particularly in poor communities of color typically for fairly minor, nonviolent crimes. Shuttled into prisons, branded as criminals and felons, and then when they’re released, they’re relegated to a permanent second class status Many of the old forms of discrimination that we supposedly left behind during the Jim Crow era are suddenly legal again, once you’ve been branded a felon, which as stated before affects primarily black males.Federal funding has flowed to state and local law enforcement agencies who boost the  numbers of drug arrests. President Reagan declared the drug war primarily for reasons of racial politics. Numerous historians and political scientists have documented that the war on drugs was part of a grand Republican Party strategy known as the “Southern strategy”  using racially coded ‘get-tough’ appeals on issues of crime and welfare to appeal to poor and working-class whites, particularly in the South, who were resentful of, anxious about, and threatened by many of the gains of African-Americans in the civil rights movement. The criminal justice system and this system of mass incarceration is much like a caste system. The increasing profitability of holding prisoners captive is one of the most dramatic examples of the destructive tendencies of global capitalism. The prison-industrial complex includes not only private and public prisons but also juvenile facilities, military prisons and interrogation centers. Assata Shakur’s autobiography is an important intersectional analysis of race gender class and culture because she thoroughly exposes the disproportionate ways marginalized groups are treated. The Civil Rights Movement became hugely successful with the support of black women.  She continues to helped spread awareness to social injustices through her preaching and written work.