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Canada health care services. On the contrary, the

Canada Healthcare System vs. U.S. Healthcare

The development of health care systems throughout
the world has become a foundation to improving the delivery proper health care
equally. It is known that each health care system worldwide differs among each
other and has its own standards of operation. Even though most health care
systems differ, they share common goals and outcomes as well as features that
identify them with universal health standards. The concept of universal health
implies that all citizens should have access to affordable, high-quality medical
care. In this context, universal health coverage is currently a public issue in
the U.S. health care system. While the U.S is considered to be the only nation
in the world that has not adopted universal health coverage, the comparison of efficiency
of the U.S healthcare system with other national healthcare systems, in this
case, the Canadian healthcare system, can be illustrated in terms of
accessibility& coverage, quality, and funding.

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            On comparing Canada’s health care
system to the U.S. healthcare system, it is important to point out that one of
the major key indicators of the effectiveness of a healthcare system is it’s
accessibility &coverage. In this case, it is known that the healthcare
system in Canada is more accessible than the U.S healthcare system.  This can be implemented by the fact that
Canada’s health care system offers universal health coverage, allowing each
citizen to be insured and receiving the necessary health care services.  On the contrary, the U.S health care system
is based on the health insurance system and the absence of affordable insurance
causes individuals of being able to obtain normal health care services and
treatments.  Not being able to receive
the proper care needed with access to affordable health insurance causes a
burden and threatens to the life and health an individual. In aspect to this,
the quality of health care in the U.S. is considered to be inadequate, with as
much as 24 % of the country’s population getting insufficient health insurance
for their needs (Cooper &Taylor, 2011). 
This means the services being provided in the U.S are mostly focused on
cost than on over quality of care when all aspects of providing adequate care
should be taken into consideration. As the demand of health care services
increase dramatically, the costs of care has been raising, causing majority of
the U.S population to be uninsured. Being uninsured means that individual end
up paying high out-of-pocket costs. In contrast to the U.S health care system,
the Canadian health care system ensures to cover the entire population of
Canada making sure there are not citizens remaining without health care

            In addition to coverage and accessibility
being a major factor in comparing both health care systems, the quality of health
care delivery plays a vital role in the healthcare system. Currently, one
significant area of quality of care that in being taken into perspective as a
whole is pharmaceutical drugs and over-the-counter medications.  After a primary or specialist care visit, the
physician may prescribe medication or recommend over-the-counter medication as
part of the patient’s treatment plan. Depending on the patient’s health
insurance plan and what types of benefits are covered under that plan, the costs
of prescription medication vary. For instance, pharmaceutical drugs and
over-the counter medications are cheaper in Canada because the government in
Canada uses a negotiating system with the pharmaceutical companies.  This provides lower health care costs for the
Canadians. On the other hand, the U.S government does not negotiate with the pharmaceutical
companies for lower medication prices. As a result, the cost of health care in the
U.S is higher than in Canada.  

            Another a major difference between
the healthcare system in the U.S and in Canada is the payment system.  On the basis of the payment system, the U.S.
health care system is profit based and is privatized. In this type of
healthcare system, American citizens do not receive coverage automatically.
They have to pay out-of-pocket costs for all services being received, which
means some may end up being untreated if the treatment or service is unaffordable
to them. Furthermore, the U.S healthcare system is composed of physicians and
providers who are being compensated for increased performance of services and
the return on their time is higher if they perform a procedure than if they use
their cognitive skills. This approach leads into higher expenditure for patient
care in terms of patients having to pay high deductibles and co-payments for
services.  In relation to this, the U.S
government uses money that is being generated from taxes to reimburse the
providers who take care of patients and accounts for nearly 46 % of the total
health care spending in the country (NewsHour, 2009). Unlike the U.S healthcare
system, the Canadian healthcare system is based on a single payer system, in
which every patient is fully insured and the government through taxes funds all
medically necessary care.  This means
that patients have fully access to care without a co-payment or a deductible.
Thus, patients in Canada are free to choose their providers and physicians serve
on a fee-for-service basis.




Cooper, E., &Taylor, L. (2011,
September 15). Comparing Health Care Systems. Retrieved

            December 6, 2017, from

Comparing Health Care Systems

NewsHour, P. (2009, October 06).
Comparing International Health Care Systems. Retrieved

December 6, 2017, from insurance_10-06.