Cyber-attack is increasingly becoming a regular occurrence with our smartphones, tablets and laptops and as such users have to take caution in preventing this attack. It is good that users imbibe practices that can help secure your device against cyber theft, exposure to malware attack and loss of data. The following points will help prevent cyber-attack on your devices.
1. Automatic Update
Set your device to run automatic update. This ensures that your device is working with the latest version of the Operating System thereby increasing security and overall efficiency of your device. However, if you are averse to setting up the automatic update feature of your device, you can run the update manually. This should be done at regular intervals in order to maintain the overall security of your device.
2. Use Original Operating System
It is essential your device is running an original Operating System. This ensures the security of your device as OS hacks or downloads from unauthorized sites could contain virus and other malware which can compromise the security of your device. It is advisable to buy original Operating System directly from the software manufacturer. For example, it is safer to download Windows 10 directly from Microsoft Site than a third party site.
Setting up password on your PC or phone prevents unauthorized access. However, when setting passwords, do not use codes that are easy to guess e.g your date of birth. This can leave your device vulnerable to attacks. Rather, for PC, use long password containing upper case, lower case, numbers and special characters. For phones, you may choose a lock pattern instead. However, it is advisable to change your password periodically.
4. Software Downloads
One of the easiest ways to expose your device to cyber-attack is through indiscriminate downloads of software, applications, games, music and video files online. Some of such applications already contain Trojan and other malware which leaves your device exposed to hackers. You may lose valuable information in the process. Be careful of the sites you visit and also read carefully reviews of applications before you download.
5. Periodic Data Backup
Your security strategy will not be complete without a periodic data backup. Should your PC or phone suffer an attack leaving you no option but to format your device, you need not worry much as you can revert to the already saved data. You can backup your data using a flash drive or memory card. You can also backup data to the Cloud, a web-based data backup application. You can access your Cloud account on any of your devices (phone or PC) on the go. Examples of Cloud App includes Microsoft OneDrive.
Having an effective Antivirus on your PC or phone is non-negotiable if you want to keep your device secure from cyber-attack. There are reliable free versions of antivirus programs which you can install on your device if you are on a budget. An example is Norton Antivirus. These free version runs on a trial period and comes with limited functions. However, it is advisable to upgrade to the paid version for better security. Avast Antivirus, on the other hand, is completely free and effective.
Always ensure the Firewall of your system is turned on. This helps to prevent cyber-attack attempts and identify hacks.
8. SSL Certificates
As you surf the web, it is of utmost importance to check the SSL Certificate of the sites you visit. SSL Certificates helps to identify secure sites. You stand a high risk of exposure to fraudsters, with your credit card details exposed when you carry out web transaction on a non SSL secure site. This can lead to loss of funds and vital information.