DIFFERENCE

BETWEEN QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESERCH PAPER:

QUALITATIVE

RESEARCH:

Qualitative research

framed in terms of using words. Method of selecting samples is different from

quantitative research non-probability sampling method; qualitative sampling is nonrandom

selection mean every member of the population being selected unknown chance.

Another difference is adoption of

techniques in the procedure of sampling design for ensuring the quality. Like

qualitative sampling mostly using convenience, purposive, quota and snowball

sampling for obtaining information. The measurement is different qualitative

research measure the data in numbers, but also in writing, spoken words,

actions and sounds. For measuring qualitative data, qualitative researcher

occur in the process of collecting data this mean researcher give new ideas

during collecting data. In qualitative research, data analysis required

researcher to organize, summarize and identify the general category of data.

In this type

of research we collect data through interviews, focus group and reviews of

documents. Qualitative method used primarily inductive process to formulate a

theory. This is more subjective, text based and non statistical test. Response

option is unstructured or semi structured. The qualitative method in few cases is

more in depth information. Qualitative methods can be valid and reliable, it

can largely depend upon the skills of researchers. This data is less generalizable.

QUANTITATIVE

RESEARCH:

Quantitative

research framed in terms of using numbers.Quantitative research using

probability sampling, quantitative sampling is random selection mean every

member of the population being selected with equal chance. Another difference

is techniques, procedure of sample design like quantitative sampling using

various statistical sampling design it includes simple random, systematic, stratified

and multistage cluster sampling. In quantitative research, measurement is

systematic techniques to produce numeric data. For measuring quantitative data,

quantitative, researcher mostly converts variables into specific action during the

planning stage that occur before analyzing the data. In quantitative research,

data analysis through a statistical method for analyzing data in order to find

the relationship between variables. With examples researcher process the data

into SPSS software. Techniques of data analysis are various such as univariate analysis, subgroup comparisons, bivariate

and multivariate analysis. This research presented by a series of numbers, matrix,

figure, diagrams and charts.

In this type

of research we collect data through surveys, structured interviews &

observation and review of records for numeric information. Quantitative methods

used primarily deductive process to test pre-specified concepts, constructs and

hypotheses that make up a theory. This is more objective, a number based and in

this statistical test used for analysis. Response option is fixed in

quantitative method. In Quantitative method large number of cases less in-depth,

but more informative. Quantitative method can be valid and reliable, it can largely

depend upon the used of measurement devises or instrument. This data is more generalizable.

Research

topic in health economics:

1. Optimizing revenue

source in hospitals

2. Setting directions for health policy in the conditions of growing health

care needs

3. Mention the

different ways of validating cost effectiveness models in health economics.

4. Estimate the

health care costs of size.

5. Correlation between

health care expenditure and GDP in the Pakistan.

6. About prolonged

diseases and how they affect labor force.

7. How can the ban

on tobacco advertising improve the economy?

8. Does an

unhealthy nation mean poor nation?