College Papers

Historical the President of the Council of State,

Historical Background:In 1902 Cuba gained independence from United States. In  1925 Socialist Party was  founded, forming the basis of the Communist Party. In January 1961 United States broke off diplomatic relations with Cuba. In 1976 Cuban Communist Party approved a new socialist constitution. Recently Cuba and US have restored their diplomatic relations. Constitutional laws: Article 8-The State respects and guarantees religious freedomArticle 26-Anybody who suffers  injuries unjustifiably caused by a State official or employee while in the public has the right to claim the corresponding indemnification as prescribed by law.Article 28-Cuban citizenship is obtained by birth or through naturalization.Article 41-All citizens have equal rights.Article 94-In case of the absence, illness or death of the President of the Council of State, the First Vice President assumes the President’s duties.DifferentArticle 32-(1) Cubans citizenship can not be taken away except for legally established causes. Nor may they be deprived of the right to change it.(2) Dual citizenship is not allowed. Consequently, when a foreign citizenship is acquired, the Cuban citizenship is lost.(3) The law establishes the procedure to be followed for formalizing the loss of citizenship, and the authorities empowered to decide on it.Political PartiesThere are many political parties like Cuban Liberal Movement, Cuban Liberal Union, Christian Democratic Party of Cuba, Cuban Democratic Socialist Current, Democratic Social-Revolutionary Party of Cuba,Democratic Solidarity Party , Liberal Party of Cuba but, the main one that rules Cuba would be The Communist Party. These political parties are a little different from the political parties from the United States which would be The Democratic Party and The Republican Party.ElectionsSince 1976, elections are most often held every 5th year. The last election was February 3, 2013, meaning that the next election will be next year. Many candidates are participating in these elections. Most of them are either from the Cuban Communist Party or is not member of any party, but some are from the opposition parties too. The difference between The United States and Cuba is The US has elections every 4 years and the 2 main political parties always elected are Republican and democratic. Branches of GovernmentThe Branches of government of for Cuba are Executive Branch, Legislative Branch, and Judicial Branch. The branches of government for Cuba are similar to the U.S. Branches of government. Current Issues facing The NationOne current issue in Cuba is that 24 U.S Diplomats were attacked in Cuba. Cuba is being blamed because they were supposed to protect the U.S Diplomats and their spouses. StatisticsWhile there are no reliable crime statistics from the government. These numbers are increasing little by little and are consistent with reporting from other diplomatic missions in Cuba. Most crime can be related to pickpocketing, purse snatching, fraud schemes, and thefts from unoccupied cars, hotel rooms, and/or dwellings.Cuban prison population is approximately 57,000 and growingCapital punishment is a legal penalty in Cuba although they rarely use it. The last executions was in 2003. Who Creates Laws?Cuba has an elected national legislature, the National Assembly of People’s Power, which has 612 members, elected every 5 years and holds sessions to ratify decisions by the executive branch.Carry out Laws?Cuba’s legal system is based on rules based on European Continental law,  Which have been adjusted to Cuba’s socialist system. Cuba has enacted a number of codes that comprise a broad set of rules on specific areas of law. The Civil Code regulates a wide variety of topics, including contracts, wills,property rights, and decedents’ estates. The Criminal Code lists criminal offenses and relevant penalties.Judicial System?The Supreme Court of Cuba is the nation’s highest judicial branch of government.Cuban courts are organized into three sections  which are national or Supreme Court, provincial, and municipal. Most civil and criminal cases tried at the municipal and provincial levels are judged by a panel of two lay judges and one professional judge. Cases that involve a possible sentence that is more than eight years or complex civil law issues are tired, at the provincial or supreme level, by a panel of three professional judges and two lay judges. Both professional and lay judges are elected by the legislative assembly.