College Papers

In time the Communist manifesto was written, Karl

In the novel “Animal Farm”, author George Orwell uses many real life comparison to his characters, one of the most obvious of these is Old Major and his real life counterpart, Karl Marx. Old Major and Karl Marx both had ideas that could benefit people and both thought that people (animals) should live freely, and under their own rule. They were both highly respected leaders in where they lived, “Old Major (so he was always called, though the name under which he had been exhibited was Willingdon Beauty) was so highly regarded on the farm that everyone was quite ready to lose an hour’s sleep in order to hear what he had to say” (pg 1). And they were both opposed to the higher up power that would oppress their independence and freedom. The problem with their ideas for a Utopian Society was that they would have to leave it to other people to run after they die, the people that would end up having it would turn out to not be the most honest people. Orwell was very displeased with the ideas of the Soviet Society, And thus the comparison between all the people in Animal farm and the Soviet UnionOld Major’s dream was an idealistic view on a Utopian society that could be achieved by overthrowing an oppressive, tyrannical regime. Same goes for Karl Marx and his communist manifesto, urging people to overthrow the government ran by the Tsar Nicholas the Second. At the time the Communist manifesto was written, Karl Marx was very well known for his knowledge and his philosophies. As it says in the book, Old Major is “highly respected” (pg 2) by the other animals on the farm. In both the communist manifesto and Old major’s dream, the people (animals) are suggested to live under their own free will, same goes for the animals who was suggested to live freely in his speech in “the big barn” (page 4).Old Major would go on to die only “three nights later” (pg 15). Another aspect that parallels the two men and their writing, neither would get to see it played out, with Marx dying years before the start of the Russian revolution. Orwell used the persuasive technique, in the speech for Old Major before his fall, to criticize how easily a revolution can criticize people’s minds. Also In the novel, Orwell showed propaganda through the character Squealer. Squealer is a very good speaker speaker and As Napoleon’s companion, Squealer puts himself above the other creatures. Although Squealer is often able to persuade the other animals that whenever the commandments are violated by the pigs, they are violating them for the good of the farm and the integrity of “Animalism”. Also during the story  the sheep are displayed as stupid, and dumb animals, they are able to memorizing chants and slogans like “Four legs good, two legs bad.” Eventually the sheep had developed the idea to start charging this slogan everywhere around the farm, wide spreading the message that was conveyed to them through propaganda. Presenting the propaganda method “Repetition”. In my opinion the first reason for failing is that all animals have not got the same education. The pigs could write and read perfectly. The dogs learned to read fairly well and another animal refused to learn any but the five letters which spelt his name. Most of the animals could not get further than the letter A. So how should they read the seven commandments? They can only trust the pigs and the dogs! Napoleon uses that circumstance later to change the sense of the commandments. For example he changes the commandment “No animal shall sleep in a bed” to “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets”. And the animals are told that it has always been on the wall.The fact that all animals have not got the same education means that the main principle “Everybody is equal” is wrong. If everybody has not got the same education, everybody cannot be equal. I think, too, that everybody can never be equal at any time. All animals and persons are individual. From my point of view this is an important aspect: if the main principle is wrong, then the new system cannot work. In my opinion another reason for failing is that the animals except the dogs and the pigs are very lazy in thinking. I mean that they all accept that Napoleon is the ruler of the state. Why do they do that? From my point of view perhaps they are a little bit naive. They maybe think Napoleon is right, because he can read and write and so he is better educated than the others. It is also possible that they believe Squealer´s explanation that it is not a pleasure to rule the state, because it is so much work and responsibility. So they do not want to do that and are glad that somebody sacrifices himself to rule the state. In addition they are used to the fact that there is a cruel leader. It should be noticed, too, that it is not good for any system if there is somebody who wants to have the power alone. In “Animal Farm” it is Napoleon. He starts the propaganda against Snowball, who only wants to create a better system. But in my opinion, Napoleon only wants to grab the power and to make his own profit and he manages that very well. So nothing which resembles a democracy can develop. In the end Animal Farm has a dictatorship as before. But that was not the reason why Old Major started a rebellion. From my point of view Snowball would have created something like a democracy. It was the cruel grabbing of the power of Napoleon, which was another main point for the failure of the revolution. Finally let me turn to the most important reason, which is, in my opinion, that there is no divided power. Napoleon controls the executive as well as the legislative branch. As a result he gets his way through by force, because he can create the laws and nobody can say anything against him. He is the animal who has got all the power. He can decide if somebody should be punished or not. He can decide what the new principles are. Nobody can say anything against him! Any criticism can effectively be silenced by his guard dogs. I think the main fault lies with the animals, who allowed a system like to develop. To conclude I would like to state that the revolution on Animal Farm fails because of Napoleon. He only wanted to grab the power and to make his own profit. He saw his chance to do that when Mr Jones was expelled and he relentlessly pursued his policy of repression. But the animals did not have to put up with it. I think, too, if Snowball had stayed on Animal Farm, he would have created a democracy and not a dictatorship. Napoleon is the most important reason for failing and Snowball would have been the better leader!