College Papers

It for this problem is lack of resources

It has been 27 years since the discovery of the “world wide
web” by Tim Berners-Lee, because of which the internet has become an essential
part of many people around the globe. Since that time the world has been
rapidly digitalizing, new inventions have been made to benefit humans e.g.
mobile phones, telephones computer, software etc. However, these technological
inventions are still not available to a large number of people around the
globe. This phenomenon is known as the digital divide. The digital divide is a
term that defines the between people who use modern information and technology,
and those who don’t have access to gadgets like television, computers and
especially the “worldwide web”.

The aim of this report is to highlight this issue as a big
problem which can easily be overcome with just a little effort from the
authorities and the government. The digital divide can solve many worldly
problems like poverty, lack of employment and even illiteracy. My aim is to
raise awareness of the problems created by a Digital divide, so that it is not
overlooked and can be identified as a major issue.

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According to the United
Nations report, there 800,000 villages throughout – representing around one
billion worldwide – still lack connection to any kind of information and
communication technology. The country which struggles the most is Africa.
Africa makes up 13% of the entire world’s population. Just 3% of the population
in Africa has access to the internet. On the other side I can imagine life
without internet and technology. The key reasons for this problem is lack of
resources as well as lack of infrastructure to access the internet or for phone
lines or cable tv. One of the countries that are affected most by the digital
divide in the African continent is Ethiopia. Ethiopia suffers from a lack of
information and education in poorer citizen mostly due to the intense poverty,
alongside the strict government policies and laws regarding the internet that
further hinder internet usage and accessibility to technology, these harsh
conditions affect the education in the country as students don’t have access to
information and technology and are forced to rely on books with biased
information and unreliable sources.
In 2016, the Ethiopian government blocked all social media sites after an
anonymous user posted copies of university entrance exams online. In an
interview with Reuters News Agency, Mohammed Said at the Office for Government
Communications Affairs, said only social media sites were blocked but BBC News
received conflicting reports from Ethiopian citizens who claimed that they
experienced problems with both mobile networks and fixed line Internet
services. This incident occurred
mainly due to the incompetence of the government to realize the importance of
internet access as well as their inability to control internet traffic and
filter content from users. On the eastern side in south Asia lies India which
is a developing country with a bit better conditions that Ethiopia in terms of
digital divide however according to recent report and statistics from India
teams there is a huge gap between urban and rural India where growth is biased
towards the rich people who afford and use most of the broadband and other
gadgets. In India the knowledge or educational divide is directly related to
the digital divide. The people with technological access are the ones who have
been educated and belong to the most developed cities the rest of the rural population
cannot communicate with the outside world. gender is a factor that effects
internet use in India. In India, females have less access to the
internet than males. According to Mutual Study It was found that fewer males
(38%) had limited access to the internet the females (41%) This disparity is
partly attributed to perception that IT is a Technical subject for men with
many females consequently shying away from it. This is directly related to
education where parents are not educated enough or not aware of the benefits of
internet usage.