College Papers

Let’s the type of situation you would be

Let’s say one day you’re feeling down and not yourself. Something traumatic happens like your mother died and you decide to visit a therapist to express what you’re feeling. The therapist takes your money the session and then locks you up in a tiny dark, cold, and metal cell wearing a straitjacket until you pass out from the lack of blood flow. This is the type of situation you would be put in if you were born in the 19th century. People with mental illnesses were treated differently then than are now due to different treatments and handling of the patients.Ahmad ibn Tulun was a Turkic “Abbasid” governor of Egypt the founder of the Tulunid dynasty that ruled Egypt and Syria . He built a hospital in Cairo sometime during 872 that provided care to the insane which included music therapy (Wikipedia). It was the first time that someone considered taking care of mental illness. Later in Medieval times in Europe, the most common treatment for mental illness was to perform an exorcism. A priests (or other religious figure) would chant incantations and prayers over the person’s body. In most cases, the “sick person” was a woman. She may have been given some “medicinal drinks” before the ritual was performed. In extreme cases, trephining was employed. A rather significant sized hole was drilled in a person’s skull in the idea that it would release spirits from the body. Most people treated in this manner died. Asylums got started when people felt they the mentally ill were a threat to public safety. As a result, the asylums were built to confine them together but eventually public asylums were hospitals for the poor while private ones were for the rich and treated their patients better. Most early asylums kept people in windowless dungeons, beaten, chained to their beds, and had little to no contact with caregivers. Before the the introduction of mental institutions, the ill were cared for by their families privately. The first recorded Lunatic Asylum was in Europe. It was called the Bethlem Royal Hospital in London. ┬áIt became a hospital in 1330 and admitted its first mentally ill patients in 1407.