College Papers

Male and there are three types of fasting

Male and female separation in Islam is quite apparent. Public affection between opposite genders is frowned upon…any interaction with the other sex that may result in temptation or lustful urges is forbidden…it is frowned upon to interact with a stranger in the same way you would a close family member or spouse.
The five pillars of Islam are the Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawn, and Hajj. The Shahada is a recitation in which you declare your faith and also state that there is only one God. The recitation is as follows: “?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????”  and is translated as: “There is no god except for God, Muhammad is the messenger of God”. You are required to say these words in order to become a Muslim. Salat consists of five daily prayers that are done at specific times of the day – Dawn, Noon, Afternoon, Evening, and Night. Zakat translates as ‘alms-giving’ and is essentially the act of giving charity based on your wealth. Sawn translates as fasting and there are three types of fasting which are acknowledged in the Qur’an – ritual fasting, fasting due to repentence and ascetic fasting. Most people are familiar with the ‘ritual fasting’ which occurs ever year on the Hijri calendar during the month of Ramadan. Finally, we have the Hajj. The Hajj, translated as Pilgrimage, is obligatory, for every Muslim who is able, and must be done at least once during their lifetime. During the Hajj, one is required to travel to Mecca.
The event that caused a rift in Islam, and in turn the Sunni-Shia split, was the death of Muhammad. There was discord among devout followers in regards to his successors. Sunnis believe that Muhammad’s successor was Abu Bakr and Shias believe that Muhammads cousin/son-in-law Ali Ibn Ali Talib was in line to be the next caliph.
Ashura means different things depending on which Islamic denomination you ask. For Shias, it marks the death of Husayn Ibn Ali and for Sunnis, it marks the day that Moses and the Israelites were saved. The pilgrimage to Karbala (Shia) occurs at the end of Ashura and consists of pilgrims traveling to Karbala by foot to the location of Husayn Ibn Ali’s death. This pilgrimage is referred to as ????? ????????.
The pilgrimage to Mecca is mandatory for all Muslims who are able and must be done at least once during their lifetimes. Eid Al-Adha marks the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca and also represents Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son for God. Ramadan is a month of fasting that commemorates the first revelation to the Prophet Muhammad. Eid Al-Fitr is a celebration that celebrates the end of Ramadan and falls on the first day of the following month, Shawwal. A Masjid is a place of worship for the Muslim community and Sunni fiqh contains details on what constitutes a viable place of worship. The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar used in Muslim countries to determine the proper days for celebrations and holidays and to mark events in the Muslim world.