College Papers

Post not reporting violent hate crime to police

Post 9/11 world hate crimes

What is a hate crime? A hate crime is an
unlawful act by violence driven towards ones gender, race, prejudice, or sexual
preference. Over the years hate crimes have become a sensitive subject now and
after President Obama’s serve and Trump’s Precedency now we have seen an increase
in hate crime. In this essay I will show the stats of hate crime since 9/11 and
history of hate crimes through the years. Also, the effect of 9/11 on Muslims
in America.

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My first source is on an article about hate
crime in 2017 that has become a problem in major cities. The article says the
number of hate crimes in “13 cities with a population of over 250,000 rose to
827 incidents, up 19.9 percent from 690 reported during the same period” (Farivar,
M 2017). Those numbers are only the ones that were reported apparently most
hate crimes are not reported but even then 2017 was a big year for a lot of
protest like the U.S national Anthem protest, Day without Immigrant’s,
Charlottesville protest that turned violent. “White-supremacist
groups who gathered for the rally and marched through the town at night
carrying flaming torches and calling out slogans reminiscent of fascist
displays in Nazi Germany” (Farivar, M 2017).
During this a person was killed and others injured after a car decided to drive
through the crowd. The car was said to be driven by a so called Supremacist member.

The BJS which is the Bureau of Justice
Statistics and they handle federal statistical system. BJS’s National Crime
Victimization Survey (NCVS) which collects information on crimes that have been
reported or not that haven’t led to any deaths. “The
most common reason for not reporting violent hate crime to police was that the
victimization was handled another way (44 percent), such as privately or
through a non-law enforcement official, followed by not important enough to
report (20 percent)” (Staff, T., Hadley, M., Rudin, C., & News, C. A. 2017)

Rates/Stats

The
stats that will be sown is from The FBI in 2016; they gave a full report from
race to gender bias and if it happened in a home or in unknown locations. This was
done by the FBI’s Uniform crime reporting (UCR). “Of the 7,615 overall victims,
4,720 were victims of crimes against persons (both adults and juveniles), 2,813
were victims of crimes against property, and 82 were victims of hate crimes
categorized as crimes against society (e.g., weapons violations, drug offenses,
gambling)”( F. 2017).  The
FBI has created a graph showing the single biased incidents and in the graph it
shows that most incidents are of race and ethnicity. And Disability and gender does
not have many reported incidents.
(See appendix A for a graph on biased motives).

History

The Human rights Campaign has provided a
time line of hate crime from 1989 to 2009 on the most significant hate crime in
the United States. The first one stated was the hate crime statistics act back
in February 22, 1989; this act was put in place to have congress to do data
collection on any crime that has the incentive to do harm based on their biased
of  gender, race, prejudice, or sexual
preference. That act was not passed by the house until June 27, 1989 and in
1990 by the senate by April 23 of 1990 president George H. W. Bush signed it
and it finally became a law. Throughout the time line the Hate crime sentencing
act was created and added to the violent crime and law informant Amendment. On
November 13, 1997 The Hate Crime prevention act is introduced, in March 1999 it
is reintroduced. The act didn’t pass until the trial of Russel Henderson who
murder Matthew Shepard.  And by then it
was put into an amendment. “October 28, 2009 | President Barack Obama signs the
Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act into law (as a
provision of the National Defense Authorization Act). Before signing the
legislation, President Obama says, “I promised Judy Shepard when I saw her
in the Oval Office that this day would come, and I’m glad that she and her
husband Dennis could join us for this event” (Campaign,
H. R. n.d.).