College Papers

Researching on the topic of cyberbullying, many interesting

Researching on the topic of cyberbullying, many interesting information on the topic arose. The majority of the gathered information was collected from journals and research articles which consisted of personal research and studies tested on the many mental effects of cyberbullying and the comparison and the contrast of traditional bullying and modern cyberbullying. With a sum of four research based papers being used in this research paper, all of the information contained in those articles will be used in the construction of this paper. The main goal to achieve, will to be to open the eyes of those that see cyberbullying as something to brush off. Raising awareness and giving people the insight of the magnitude of this issue is to be achieved at the end of this paper.  In order to accomplish the goal set for the paper, the organization of this research will be broken down into three main categories. The first category, will discuss the risk factors of cyberbullying, and it can cause mental effects to the child. The second category, will provide information on the mental effects and risk factors of traditional bullying. The third category, will compare and contrast cyberbullying and traditional bullying in this recent adolescent era. At the end of the third category, the conclusion will sum up the central ideas of each category and provide the readers with a solution to this epidemic. A Work Cited page will be provided to give the readers reference on where I formulated the information from for this paper. RISK FACTORS In the article titled, Impacts of Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying on the Mental Health on Middle School and High School students constructed by individuals from the universities of Wisconsin and Southern Oregon. It has defined traditional bullying as the aggressive physical, mental, or emotional behavior done to an individual to cause harm. Many effects of this type of bullying could be that students may miss school (Kochenderfer & Ladd, 1997) show poorer school achievement ( Nakamoto & Schwartz, 2010), lolieness (Olenik-Shemesh, Heiman, & Eden, 2012), it can result in higher levels of anxiety (Juvonen, Graham, & Schuster, 2003) and depression (Fekkes, Pijpers, & Verloove-Vanhorick, 2004). Traditional bullying does not only cause a mental impact on the victim, it can cause serious physical impacts such as the serious epidemic known today, suicide. Traditional bullying can cause an adolescent to act out of character, and can create problem behaviors. In a research article titled Problem behaviors, traditional bullying, and cyberbullying among adolescent: longitudinal analyses, by Leanna Lester, Donna Cross, and Theresa Shaw. These individuals have conducted a study on what cyberbullying and traditional bullying can do an adolescent. It has concluded that traditional bullying can cause the adolescent to conduct the activities of stealing ( Hay, Meldrum, and Mann 2010), drinking alcohol ( Mitchell, Ybarra, and Finkelhor 2007), and many other delinquent activities. Traditional bullying can create a disturbance in the child’s personality and behavior. Cyberbullying has changed over the years, it was once known as traditional bullying but soon became a new era of digital aggression. In a journal titled  THE WEB: The Bully’s New Playground  by Bob Meadows. Meadow uses stories of a child named Alex who killed himself over a group of girls that teased him and dared him to take his life. Bullying was once known as throwing fist at the school yard, but this new form of bullying has hit the media. A survey conducted by an educational company called MindOh! surveyed 5,500 teenagers, and nearly 80% of those teens have either read or even partaken in the spreading of gossip and more than half have come across websites that tormented their peers. “It’s like the bully has gone mobile.” which was stated by clinical instructor of Michigan State University, Glenn Stutzky.   Cyberbullying can happen 24/7, it can become public for the whole world to see. Suicide is a major factor of this epidemic, but the grades of those being victimized have been shown to drop dramatically, many kids change schools or seek help. The researchers also found that boys and girls can cyberbully differently, the girls attack psychologically, whereas boys attack their victims physically. Girls spread rumors, isolate you from the group, and in due time, those rumors are everywhere. In the conclusion of this academic journal, Meadows states that the parents should be more aware and involved in their child’s activity online. “It can happen to anyone.” which was stated by a guidance counselor at one of the cyber-victims schools. Cyberbullying can affect the victim in many different cognitive ways. Olenik-Shemesh and Heiman from the University of Israel formulated an article title Exploring Cyberbullying among Primary Children in Relation to Social Support, Loneliness, Self-Efficacy, and Well-being. Which discusses the examination of cyberbullying in a relation to primary students, and a new focus on cyber-victimization. The aspect of social support is defined in this study as the need for an individual to be cared for and/or valued by his or hers peers. The correlation between social support and bullying shows that this has a role on the continuation acts of bullying and a victimization experience.(Salmivalli & Voeten, 2004) Loneliness is defined as the condition into which an individual can feel depressed or even disconnected from society.( Killeen, 1998). A study was conducted on loneliness in correlation to children and adolescents. It concluded that teens who are victims of cyberbullying have a greater chance of feeling loneliness. Self-Efficacy is defined as an individual’s confidence in one’s capabilities. Self-Efficacy can affect a person’s decision making process, emotional reactions, coping and persistence. It’s very prevalent in the late developmental years of childhood. Without it, an individual’s well-being can be tarnished. Well-being, is defined as the self-assessment of one’s existence, whether it’s by emotional reactions or the sense of self-satisfaction and self- fulfillment.  Being victims of social rejection, destruction of relationships, or violence in a whole and cyber-violence can decrease the level of well-being, and accumulate feelings of anger, sadness and low self-esteem. Traditional and cyberbullying are similar issues that can cause mental, emotional, and physical damage to the victim. Suicide, losing your sense of self, and being withdrawn from society are all cognitive effects of these two types of bullying. The only difference between the two, is that one form of bullying is electronical, whereas the other is verbal. Some say that cyberbullying causes more deeper effects than traditional, or vice versa. Each form of bullying whether it’s through codes and numbers or through fists and rumors, it can hurt the victim, or even worse it can kill them. CONCLUSIONFrom conducting research on these articles, by many intelligent scholars, the main concept learned is that cyberbullying and traditional bullying are more important than many believe. These forms of bullying are different from each other but similar in so many ways. Both of these forms can create long lasting risk factors to one’s mental and emotional stability, such as an impact on their overall well-being, school performance, and can cause someone to commit suicide. The studies don’t lie, cyberbullying and traditional bullying is the growing epidemic of this adolescent era, and it should be brought to the attention of many parents and teachers. Observing the online activity of your child, or seeing a child being pushed around could save them, learning how to be self-aware may not put an end to this issue, but it could lower the numbers of so many charts.