College Papers

The Spain’s population pyramid is fairly box shaped,

The
country of Spain, in most aspects, is considered developed. All the statistics
gathered support that statement, but it can also be proven in several models.
Spain is considered to be in stage 5 of the DTM. The birth rate, 9.2 births per
1,000 people, and the death rate, 9.1 deaths per 1,000 people, are relatively
close and low. With that being said, there is little population growth and the
rate of natural increase is very low. The overall population of Spain has
become quite stable due to technological advancements and the increasing
involvement of women in the workforce. Spain’s population pyramid is fairly box
shaped, with exception to the small baby boom seen in the ages of 35-55. That
is supported by Spain’s low infant mortality rate (3.3 deaths per 1,000 live
births), its slow population growth, its long life expectancy (average being 81.8
years), and its large working class. With a large working class, between the ages
of 25-55, there is a continuing economic growth and creates better support for
the elders. The low death rate is also supported by medical advances which have
prevented the diffusion of diseases. Like most of Western Europe, Spain is
positioned in the fifth and final stage of Rostow’s Model of Development, High
Mass Consumption. As a country, Spain has transitioned away from heavy
industrialization and centered their focus on consumer goods, as well as mass
production. This has brought the country great economic and job growth with
high incomes, which can be seen in the overall GDP of $1,686 trillion. In terms
of Wallerstein’s Core-Periphery Model, Spain would be considered a
semi-periphery country. It was once part of the core due to its history and the
fact that Europe promoted the spread of a capitalist world economy, but has become
a declining core (semi-periphery) due in part to its severe economic recession
of 2008, but also because of its lack of dominance in international trade. As
of 2016, Spain’s dependency ratio was about 51, meaning there were 51 dependent
people (below the age of 15 or older than 64) per 100 middle age people in the
workforce. The country transitioned from a dictatorship to a democracy. Now, Spain
has a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the king being the head of
the state. However, the king does not play a major role in the government. Instead
the person at the head of the government is the President of the Government, or
the Prime Minister. The Constitution of Spain also divided Spain into 17
autonomous communities, each having their own local government, with the state
still holding sovereignty. Spain has a free-market economy and in thanks to
their exports, it was easier for the country to recover from its economic
crisis in 2008. As it can be seen from the above statistics, Spain is a very
developed country that has advanced in several aspects of economy and technology.
Spain was able to rise in the 16th and 17th centuries,
with the rest of Western Europe, but fell behind major empires such as Britain
and France because of Industrial Revolutions. In the late 1900s, Spain joined
the EU, which caused economic growth and modernization, making Spain a leading
economic power in Europe. Despite its economic crisis in the early 2000s, Spain
recovered through the increase of private consumption, and since then,
unemployment rates have dropped and the country has been put back on its feet.