The progressive movement emerged from the year 1900 to the 1920s. Many Americans believed that a very big change needed to happen in society to help protect people. Eventually, this happened. People who held the power were people such as journalists, social workers, politicians, people in the media and teachers/educators. Altogether this was known and the Progressive reform. Progressivism didn’t develop into a political movement straight away. Because it wasn’t recognised or taken seriously by the government, it was only seen as a social movement. This meant that it was identified and backed by the government. At the beginning, Social Darwinism was ignored by progressives. Social Darwinism is a term which means that humans fight and compete in order to survive (survival of the fittest). This group of people believed that societies problems could be solved by ensuring that everyone received education, treated fairly, a safe place to live and grow up. Progressives had good education and were very aware of the wrong doings that were happening in society. They believed that the government were a very strong factor for reform. Jacob Riis and Jane Addams are two people who had great influence and stood up for Progressivisms. They were social reformers as well as journalists. Areas that progressives considered were scientific progress and professional expertise, business regulations, democracy, prohibition and conservation. I will be looking into detail on how these factors are linked and affected women, immigrants, the poor and African Americans.
During the beginning of the twentieth century, people living in this day and age were going through a lot of confusion. This was because a lot of changes were happening that they weren’t used to. People grew up in farms and were shocked to see the workforce changing because of new immigrants and also the growth of the cities. Some social movements attempted to make changes by bringing to light some of these changes but barely anything was done until they gained more power which was post 1900.