There are a few ways to reduce
eutrophication. For instance, composting, reduce pollution.
main solution is by composting. Composting is a method by decomposing food
residues such as fruit peels and recycled them into compost manure. Fertilizers
can be substituted by composting. Fruit peels and decaying vegetables are the
examples of food residues that can be used in composting. Composting is a
simple way to reduce eutrophication as it can be done by every family. For
example, we can compost orange peel or decaying vegetation by burying them
underneath the ground. The nutrients from the burying food residues are in
nitrates and phosphorus free and it eventually helps the plant to grow well. As
it does not contain nitrates and phosphorus, it will not cause the blooming of
algae even when there is a flow of water through the soil. In short, composting
will not cause any harm to the water quality.
also widely been used by farmers and agriculture to fertilize their crops in
their plantation. Compost manure used in plantation contains nutrients which is
deficient in nitrate and phosphorus concentration and thus it halts the
continuation of eutrophication cycle. This method can also be known as
nutrients limitation which is the best solution to reduce eutrophication.
eutrophication can greatly be reduced if pollution is reduced. Eutrophication
is mainly caused by high concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus in water,
therefore, big manufacture companies are required to limit their pollution
rate. They are advised to cut down the amount of nitrates and phosphorus
discharging in the water systems. Besides, industrial water filtration system
also been introduced to treat sewages before being discharge in the river. By
this method, excessive nutrients and toxics that will be dispose into the river
can be reduced to decrease the population of algae growth. Hence, eutrophication
can be controlled.
but not least, the government should enforce the law and strengthen the
regulations regarding water pollution. This is because there are always a few
stubborn industrial company who does not show concern in the harmful effects of
eutrophication. Therefore the government should do regular check up on the
industrial and agriculture areas and fine heavily at the authorities who acted
against the law.